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Peer-Reviewed Publications

Mutations in the nucleotide-binding domain of putative sterol importers Aus1 and Pdr11 selectively affect utilization of exogenous sterol species in yeast.

Papay M, Klein C, Hapala I, Petriskova L, Kuchler K, Valachovic M

Yeast. 2019 Dec 12;:

Abstract Sterol uptake in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is mediated by two plasma membrane ATP-binding cassette transporters, Aus1 and Pdr11. Their expression is regulated by oxygen and is triggered by anaerobic growth conditions. Under these conditions, internal ergosterol synthesis is arrested and utilization of exogenous sterol is vital for yeast cells. Here, we demonstrate that Aus1 is the major importer of non-yeast sterols, mammalian cholesterol and plant sterols under anaerobic conditions. In contrast, uptake of yeast native sterol, ergosterol, is relatively low. This uptake could not be enhanced by overexpression of either of the transporters. Interestingly, overexpression of the minor importer Pdr11 resulted in a substantial import of non-yeast sterols. We show that mutation of the conserved residue in one of the ABC characteristic motifs - the H-loop in Aus1 and Pdr11 lowered their ATPase activity. The residual activity was sufficient to import exogenous sterols and to preserve cell viability. Importantly, the reduction of sterol import was dramatic for mammalian cholesterol and plant sterols whereas import of yeast ergosterol was decreased only slightly indicating substrate selectivity of the sterol utilization process.
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PMID: 31830308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Peer-Reviewed Publications authored by Karl Kuchler from Pubmed Logo at the NCBI.
 
Karl Kuchler Laboratory, Medical University Vienna, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Department of Medical Biochemistry,
Dr. Bohr-Gasse 9/2, A-1030 Vienna, AUSTRIA, [T] +43/1/4277-61806, [F] +43/1/4277-9618, [E] karl.kuchler@meduniwien.ac.at